Tag Archives: self sufficient

March milk madness

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Kiwi entwined around a plum
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Lady, our jersey cow

March has been the super milky month. Ladys calf luna was born on the fifth of on the full moon hence the new age name. We stood outside the cow shelter like kids excitedly peeking at the calf and giggling at her cuteness whilst trying to be quiet and not disturb the new mother and baby.

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Luna, born on the fourth of March

After a week of the calf taking all the milk we started to milk the cow. We started off only taking a small amount of milk so the calf could have most of it but now a few weeks on we are getting about six litres a day and milking her out to increase production. We have started making butter and cheese and having lots of white sauce potato bakes and putting whey in everything. The evening milk (which is more creamy) is poured in a cream separator which is just a massive kilner jar with a tap. The milk is used for cheese making and the cream is used for butter making. To make butter all the cream is poured into a butter churn which is a another big jar with a handle on top which turns wooden paddles that churn the cream into butter. Sometimes it is quite quick and sometimes it takes 45 minutes. You churn it for ages then there is suddenly a golden lump of butter in there. There is also some buttermilk left over. So you sieve the butter and squish it with the scotch hands (to get all the liquid out)which are wooden paddle things which have grooves on one side. Then you can roll it into a round or squidge it into a brick. The first cheese i made was a simple cottage  cheese. This is very easy to make. I used milk that had had the cream separated. I added a few drops of rennet and left the milk in the hay box with a hot water bottle over night. The next day i heated it on the stove until it curdled. This is when the curds (used to make cheese) separate from the whey. The curds look like white lumpy bits that gradually all stick together. When I thought it had separated as much as it was going to I took it off the heat and strained off the whey which is kept for cooking. Traditionally it would be given to pigs to help fatten them up. So then i just added some salt and chopped chives and you have an easy soft cheese.

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The greenhouse full of our precious green babies

During the forestry weekend in March we  did some more felling in the area we are clearing next to the communual garden and also some tidying up here around our houses. Some trees are a cause for concern if they have a large crack inthe trunk and are right next to someones house for example. Fortunately there was only one casualty…a wheelbarrow. He was in the wrong place at the wrong time and will be sorely missed.

In the garden this month we are mostly eating leeks and kale. We have had to buy in potatoes as we had a bad harvest last year. So lots of leeka dn potato soup and leek and potato bake with the occasional rabbit thrown in. We are eating the last of the parsnips now and the purple sprouting broccolli is just starting to come through.  Winter purslane is a great wild green to put in salads and it grows in profusion up in the woods around our houses. We also have rocket, chard, spinach, sorrel, parsley to add into salads.

The plum and sloe blossom is starting to come out and is a beautiful welcome into the warmer part of the year. Daffodills and primroses have sprung up all over the woods and the yellow celandine is everywhere too. I have seen the first red campion and the birds seem to be singing their more upbeat spring songs.

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Roundhouse frame in the wild garden

Sophia and I have been tidying an abandoned garden which got pretty overgrown as no one has been working in there for a couple of years. Earlier this year we scythed the brambles and nettles and discovered that it is full of fruit bushes. Gooseberries and blackcurrants, also a fig, a kiwi, a mulberry, a japanese wineberry. Sophia has planted willow in there for her basketry and a bed with some salads. We are going to continue rennovating the wild garden when we get the time, but in a way it is nice to have a garden that is a bit mad and does its own thing. It is full of self seeded rhubarb and garlic and comfrey and hazel and oak and some bamboo someone planted and lots of fruit trees.

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piles of brambles after clearing the wild garden
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Tiny greenhouse and polytunnel in wild garden
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New little beds in my garden

I have dug some new beds in my garden with the help of the lovely wwoofers as always. This year I am growing some flowers in addition to all the vegetables (potatoes, carrots, onions and broad beans) and  I am very excited about growing woad to use for dying. Woad is a plant from the brassica family (cabbages) and produces a beautiful blue dye from its leaves. It was thought that the celts used it as a body paint but this now seems unlikely. It does dye cloth though and although it isnt native has been used in this country for thousands of years. I am sure when i harvest it the temptation to paint my self blue and run naked up to the valley to the hillfort will be overwhelming.

First Forestry Weekend, New House, Brisket is Beef

So, whats been happening…? Some colder weather has finally arrived, after the first daffodills came out… Frost that reaches us up in the  trees has been rare until recently. IMG_0106      The communual garden Work is continuing on the new guest house, just called the little house at the moment, although it aint that small. The frame was built from split douglas poles and bolted together. Around this the straw bale walls are going up which are held in place by hazel pegs. Its like building a giant lego house, out of straw…    Many many straw bales have been carried up the hill on the backs of cockneys. When the walls are in place we will cover them with cob. IMG_0087  The little house, its actually a bit better than this nowIMG_0095The joists being laid on the roundwood frame IMG_0152Pedro splitting a bale. There is a tool for this, its like a long hinge with holes in. The bales need to be split to fit in certain places. You need to keep the bale together because if you take off the string it just falls apart. The tool enables you to end up with two seperate bales, if you do it right! IMG_0156making beautiful window frames   A silly arty picture of the cows. They dont stay still to get a nice group photoIMG_0134 Brisket our 2 year old dexter bullock went off to slaughter just before the forestry. We had a big team of people to help us get him in the trailer because the dexters arent halter trained and are quite frisky and naughty. It went pretty smoothly though. Brisket and Rhubarb both went in the trailer as we had filled it with hay, the trick was getting her out. I will miss him and his antics but he is another mouth to feed which we dont need as we are very low on grass this time of year. We picked up the offal a couple of days later and had hgaggis for dinner! Although we had a scottish volunteer staying with us and he said the scots would never make haggis with beef, only mutton. I hadnt tried it before, it is very rich. Our forestry weekend was a success with extra volunteers coming for a long weekend and working very hard. We are clearing an area of woodland on the edge of the communual garden. This will let more light  into that area and also to the struggling old hazel coppice beneath the douglas firs. Besides providing us with lots of wood to process in the sawmill. No one was squashed which i count as a great success. During the forestry we had a friend who happens to be an engineer come and tinker with the steam engine. It was very much appreciated help. When i say tinker i mean fix lots of things. Hopefully it will be running more smoothly now. If you are thinking brrr i dont know how they cope living outside like that Fear ye not for we have a sauna. The ultimate in efficiency for cleaning large amounts of dirty people in one go with only one fire and a freezing shower which produces amazing noises like eeeeeeeeeeee aaaaaa thats f*ing  cold!!!! and eeeeiiiiiiiiiiiii  fuuuuuuuuuuuuuu… wer’e toasty

Coppicing weekend and the return of the Dexters

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In November we had our coppicing weekend. We invited 15 volunteers to live and work with us for a long weekend, Friday to Monday. Everyone who said they would come did, which meant we had to squeeze them all into benders and empty dwellings and spare rooms and get a bit cosy! It was very wet and muddy so their dedication is appreciated even more.

Coppicing is a type of woodland management that has been in use for a long time in Britain. Certain types of trees respond well to being cut off close to the ground, regenerating with long straight shoots which can be used for firewood, charcoal making, hurdles, basketry, fencing, thatching spars and many more things. Hazel, Willow, Ash, Sweet Chesnut, Hornbeam and even oak have been coppiced traditionally.

Coppicing increases biodiversity as when a stool is cut more light can reach the forest floor allowing wild flowers to grow. Larger trees can block out light and stop other species thriving on the forest floor. Woodpiles left to season (or just rot!) are a wonderful home for insects and small animals.

In the first picture you can see Sophia and Heather cutting the main stems of the stool (the previously coppiced hazel tree). First we cut the main stems usually at about four foot off the ground so when we cut close to the ground we have a decent piece of firewood that will fit in the cart.

The stems are then cut down lower and at an angle so that rainwater can run off. If cut off horizontally they are more likely to rot and cause damage to the tree. We then shape some of the straight bits of hazel into stakes which are driven into the ground in a circle around the stump. These are then woven with brash to form a rough basket around the tee to stop the deer from eating the young shoots. We call them Fairy Rings which sounds a but mystical. Someone suggested Angel Baskets! The rings will last long enough for the stems to grow, and then they will of course biodegrade. Unlike the plastic tree guards you see littering woodlands and verges all over the country.

We were also treated to venison stew during the weekend. A dog injured a young deer very badly so it was dispatched, hung, butchered and eaten by us. It was sad that the young deer was killed as we have seen it and its family grow up on our land, springing away startled many times as we approach and surprise them.

So the coppicing weekend was a great success, we got a lot done and had a lovely time, despite there being standing room only at dinner time! We had a couple filming for their film We the Uncivilised which is all about land based projects in the UK. We have been filmed quite a lot recently, but as long as that is used to inspire others then it is a good thing in my opinion.

Linking in nicely to the lack of space at the volunteer weekend is the new project of building a really quick little house for volunteers which Pedro and John are working on now. Pedro reckons he can do it in a month, lets see…

The frames are being assembled in the picture below while John removes the bark from another tree.

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The barn still has some work to do on it, mostly cladding the walls with stockading. (The rougher bits of wood that cannot be used for planks or beams that are sawn in the sawmill.)

We have been cladding the outside of the kitchen and also some of the inside, which is pretty hectic as their is always someone cooking in there and they don’t like having hammers and planks of wood getting mixed up with their leeks and cabbages. Its nice to think of the kitchen being a little bit warmer this winter though! We also need to re roof the kitchen as the current boards are rotting through and their are a few drips.

So in cow news, our young dexters have returned from where they were grazing and they are a lot bigger. They were frisky calves when they left and now Brisket is a proper bull with a shaggy coat and strong body and Rhubarb is possibly pregnant after an escapade with a neighbouring bull. We will have to wait and see. We will certainly be eating Brisket.

We have also just got our jersey called Lady who is calving at the end of February. So in March we will have lots of milk. Rhubarb has been asserting her dominance with her little horn which we need to keep an eye on. Poor lady has a little cut on her side. If she gets any more we will separate them. You can see where ‘moody cow’ comes from.

Our feral cat had her third litter of kittens this year which some people tried to look after but they sadly died. They were only four or five weeks old.

Death is a part of life. We need it to continue.